The referendum result has put a spotlight on the Scottish independence debate, with people across the country expressing their opinions about whether they should stay or leave the United Kingdom.
Here is a guide to the key takeaways.
The Scottish National Party (SNP) is a party founded in Scotland in 1921.
It is a nationalist political party, but it has also been accused of being anti-Semitic and anti-Catholic.
It won its first Scottish Parliament seat in 2014, defeating the Liberal Democrats.
The SNP’s deputy leader, Angus Robertson, was also recently expelled from the Scottish Parliament over a tweet that referred to Pope Francis as “f*cking Nazi”.
The party has been in government in Edinburgh since the 1970s, but has been increasingly divided between the nationalists and the pro-European Union camp.
In the early days of the referendum campaign, the SNP was widely accused of having an anti-Jewish, anti-European and anti‑Catholic message.
However, a recent poll by the pollsters YouGov found that 56 per cent of people thought that the party should stay in the United States.
While the party is not seen as an outright supporter of Brexit, it has become increasingly critical of the British Government.
According to a YouGov poll conducted between June 22 and July 7, 52 per cent said that the referendum should take place in Scotland, while 39 per cent wanted the UK to remain.
On June 26, Scotland voted overwhelmingly to leave the European Union.
If the result is a resounding “Yes”, the UK Government will be forced to negotiate the terms of Brexit in the coming weeks.
The Scottish Government has been accused by Labour, the Tories and the Greens of being “anti-European” and of wanting to bring back “unilateral control” of the country.
This is an opinion article.
It has not been approved by the BMJ.
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Barry Roberts is a senior lecturer in sociology at Glasgow Caledonian University.
He is the author of The Bigger Picture: Social Cohesion in Britain, which won the 2015 National Socialists of Scotland Award for Best Social Cohesive Social Research.
Follow him on Twitter: @BarryRobertson